## Modern geometry [ed.] with an appendix by W.B. Jack1876 |

### From inside the book

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**divided**into twelve inches , and the inch is subdivided into eighths or twelfths ( Fig . 11 ) . FIG . 12 . Several Surveyors use a chain , twenty - two standard yards long , consisting of 100 equal links ( Fig . 12 ) . Since 22 yards ... Page 25

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**divided**; thus , 60 contains the following factors : 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 10 , 12 , 15 , 20 , and 30. No smaller number contains so many factors . The following numbers of degrees are contained exactly in one circumference : 1 , 2 , 3 ... Page 26

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**divided**into de- grees , and ( where the size permits ) half - degrees . In order to find how many degrees there are in a given arc of a circle , A B ( Fig . 42 ) , its extremities are joined to the centre by the two radii O A and OB ... Page 61

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**divided**into two pairs of supplementary angles , but this is not true of every quadrilateral ; it is true of 3 , 4 , and 5 that the opposite angles are equal , but there may be quadrilaterals and trapezoids of which this is not true ... Page 117

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**divided**into n - 2 triangles by diagonals from the same apex . There will be the same number of triangles if the figure be**divided**by diagonals drawn in any way so as not to intersect within the figure . ( Fig . 117. ) 2. The number of ...### Other editions - View all

### Common terms and phrases

A B and C D A B C D adjacent angles alternate angles angles equal angular points base bisector centre chord circumference circumscribing circle Construct a triangle contra-positive converse decagon describe a circle diameter distance divided draw a straight extremities figure fixed point fulfils the given given angle given circle given condition given straight line gonals greater Hence hypothenuse inches inscribed inscribed angle inscribed circle interior angles isosceles triangle less Let A B C line A B locus of points magnitudes middle points number of sides opposite angles opposite sides parallel parallelogram perpendicular point of contact point of intersection PROBLEM propositions proved quadrilateral ratio rect rectangle contained regular polygon respectively equal rhombus right angles right-angled triangle segment semicircle side opposite square on A B tangent termed Theo THEOREMS ON CHAPTER triangles are equal vertical angle

### Popular passages

Page 242 - If two triangles have one angle of the one equal to one angle of the other and the sides about these equal angles proportional, the triangles are similar.

Page 240 - If a straight line be divided into any two parts, four times the rectangle contained by the whole line, and one of the parts, together with the square of the other part, is equal to the square of the straight line which is made up of the whole and that part.

Page 240 - If there be two straight lines, one of which is divided into any number of parts, the rectangle contained by the two straight lines is equal to the rectangles contained by the undivided line, and the several parts of the divided line.

Page 242 - IN a right-angled triangle, if a perpendicular be drawn from the right angle to the base, the triangles on each side of it are similar to the whole triangle, and to one another.

Page 242 - If from the vertical angle of a triangle a straight line be drawn perpendicular to the base, the rectangle contained by the sides of the triangle is equal to the rectangle contained by the perpendicular and the diameter of the circle described about the triangle.

Page 241 - If the first has to the second the same ratio which the third has to the fourth...

Page 240 - To a given straight line to apply a parallelogram, which shall be equal to a given triangle, and have one of its angles equal to a given rectilineal angle.

Page 242 - Wherefore, in equal circles &c. QED PROPOSITION B. THEOREM If the vertical angle of a triangle be bisected by a straight line which likewise cuts the base, the rectangle contained by the sides of the triangle is equal to the rectangle contained by the segments of the base, together with the square on the straight line which bisects the angle.

Page 18 - When a straight line standing on another straight line makes the adjacent angles equal to one another, each of the angles is called a right angle ; and the straight line which stands on the other is called a perpendicular to it.

Page 239 - Upon the same base, and on the same side of it, there cannot be two triangles that have their sides which are terminated in one extremity of the base equal to one another, and likewise those which are terminated in the other extremity.